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By: Andrew S. Rosz

South Florida Professional Tennis Instruction
Hollywood, Florida
(954) 922-8040


  1. Hitting every overhead as a direct shot.
  2. Hitting the overhead too hard.
  3. Attempting a direct shot on high bouncing balls.
  4. Hitting an "overhead groundstroke."
  5. Attempting an offensive overhead in a defensive situation.
  6. Hitting an overhead with topspin.
  7. The hitting arm is not fully extended at impact.
  8. Dropping the elbow of the hitting arm on the follow-through.
  9. Inadequate sideways rotation at impact.

OVERHEAD TECHNIQUES (Listed in their order of importance)

  1. Decide which type of overhead is appropriate.
  2. Watch the ball all the way to the strings.
  3. Keep the ball well in front of your body (toward the net) at impact.
  4. Hit UP (not down) on all overheads.
  5. React quickly; get you racket back and wait.
  6. Hit the ball flat and without spin.
  7. Maintain a firm wrist at impact.
  8. Use full strokes; follow-through completely with elbow up.
  9. Rotate TM2 to the proper o'clock position.
  10. Hit all offensive overheads from a balanced position with both feet on the ground at impact.
  11. Recover quickly back to the ready position.


  1. Offensive overheads... 2,3,4,8,10
  2. Defensive overheads... 2,4,8


  1. The "Bouncing-Overhead" exercise. In this exercise one player purposely hits short, high-bouncing lobs. The other player returns the lob with a defensive overhead after the ball has bounced. This exercise helps to develop solid overhead skills by first learning to hit high bouncing balls. A high bouncing ball will be moving very slowly at impact thus making it easier for the student to obtain solid hits.
  2. The "Lob-Overhead" exercise. As a more advanced overhead exercise, one player hits lobs exclusively while the other player hits overheads exclusively. Both offensive and defensive overheads can be practiced with this exercise. As both players gain experience with this exercise, overheads should be directed alternately to the right and left backcourt target points providing a challenge (and a work-out) for both players.
  3. Overhead development using the practice wall; The "Second-Shot Overhead" exercise. Set up to hit an overhead by hitting a lob as the first shot in the sequence. The lob should be aimed about 6 to 10 feet above the line on the wall so that the ball will rebound off the wall in an upward direction. An overhead can now be hit as the second shot. Be sure to hit your overheads so they will adequately clear the imaginary net. The third and final shot of the sequence is an easy groundstroke setting up another lob opportunity (first stroke of the sequence).

Note: Each of the tennis tips outlined above are more fully discussed in a series of expertly-written tennis instruction training manuals and book publications for players who prefer to be "self-taught."  For more information on our world-renowned SFPTI tennis instruction training manuals and book publications CLICK HERE.


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